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DELHI SULTANATE PART-1 (THE PERIOD OF CHANGE)

DELHI SULTANATE PART-1 (THE PERIOD OF CHANGE)





DELHI SULTANATE (1206 A.D TO 1526 A.D)

DYNASTIES
  • Slave/ILbari (turk) : 1206 A.D by Qutub-ud-din-aybek
  • Khalji (turk) : 1290 A.D by Jalaluddin khalji
  • Tughlaq (turk) : 1320 A.D Gazi malik/ghiyasudin tughlaq
  • Sayyed (turk) : 1414 A.D khizr khan
  • Lodhi (Afghans) : 1451 A.D Bahlol lodhi




SLAVE OR ILBARI RULE


QUTUB-UD-DIN-AYBEK
  • Founder of slave dynasty.
  • Slave of Muhammad ghori, he played important role to conquer over Delhi and ajmer from Prithviraj Chauhan with ghori.  
  • Stated construction of Qutub minar(delhi) to commemorate sufi saint qutub-ud-din bakhtiyar kaki
  • Built Adhai din ka jhopra mosque(ajmer).
  • He constructed quwat-ul-islam mosque at delhi
  • He did a lot of charity therefore people call him lakh baksh.
  • He died playing polo or chaughan.



SHAMSUDDIN ILTUTMISH
  • Real founder of Delhi sultanate.
  • Completed the construction of qutub minar.
  • He constructed first ever tomb in India.
  • Started currency system
    • 1. Taka: silver coins
    • Jittal: copper coins
  • Built military system.
  • Saved sindh from Genghis khan.
  • He made a council of 40 turkish slaves called turkan-e-chahalgani.
  • First sultan who made delhi as capital.
  • His son ruknuddin took charge after him.
  • When ruknuddin went to stop avenge in awadh Razia his sister took the charge.


RAZIA SULTAN
  • First and last muslim lady ruler
  • She doesn’t used veil that disturbed other officers
  • Altunia governor of Bhatinda opposed her rule.
  • Later she got married with him.
  • When they were coming to delhi, they were killed by a jat conspiracy in Kaithal in 1240.




GHIYASUDDIN BALBAN
  • He was among 40 turkish slave.
  • Earlier he was a minister of sultan Nasiruddin mehmood.
  • Established military system called diwan-e-arz.
  • He demolished power of turkan-e-chahalgani and empower the prestige of sultan.
  • He established spy system.
  • He called himself successor of God on earth (zil-e-ilhi).
  • He introduced a Persian festival navroj.
  • He established rituals to show the respect to sultan sazda and paibos.
  • He followed the policy of blood and iron.
  • His son died in a war against mongols that was a shock for him and lower down his interest in sultanate.




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